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As a few of the above accounts tell how some of these creatures, including Leviathan, breathed fire, it is necessary to make some comments as to its feasibility. All that is needed is some highly combustible material, a means of igniting it, and a means of expelling it.
To the evolutionist the small problem of igniting a fire should be one of the easier to solve. The raw material is present in virtually every dinosaur of moderate size. Large animals which consume huge amounts of food, especially herbivores and omnivores create highly combustible gases. This they routinely expel into the atmosphere, some of it being breathed out as a burp, or as Leviathan, snorted out through the mouth or nostrils, or possibly as Apollonius suggests, from beneath the crest. All that is required to ignite this gas is a spark.
According to evolutionary theory ‘Mother Nature’ has produced innumerable exquisite mechanisms to suit almost any and every need. At the Nano-
With regard to dinosaurs I think most scientists recognise that media programmes depicting dinosaur behaviour, colouration, appearance and habits are highly speculative. Only so much can be deduced from the actual evidence available. Some basic questions have not yet been conclusively answered; for instance which dinosaurs were warm-
Imagine if you will a dinosaur, probably an herbivore or omnivore that exhales methane gas through an adaption embedded within a crest. This crest provides tubes or passage-
The hadrosaurs are certainly one group of dinosaurs that has this crest with the passage ways in situ. So is this speculation really an outrageous fantasy?
It is important to realise that far more animal types have passed into extinction than those we see and know today. Dinosaurs are just one of those groups that have passed away. As a consequence exactly how they operated and functioned is largely unknown. A fire breathing dragon is in essence no more amazing than some of the creatures we know to exist in our age. What might have existed in a previous age will almost certainly be quite as astonishing as anything we see today. Fire-
Apollonius speaks in a straight-
‘Scientists were struck by this dinosaur's amazing crest, believing it exemplifies a radical evolutionary departure in the geometry of dinosaur heads. The nose bone moved to the top of the head, extending the nasal passage up the face and emerging above the eyes. It is the arrangement of the naris and nasal passages that has caused scientists to speculate that this dinosaur could trumpet! The specimen is a eight metre long juvenile, so perhaps the skull crest was even more spectacular in fully grown adults, which paleontologists have estimated could reach lengths of 11 metres or more.’
Amazingly Apollonius, who according to evolutionary theory could have known nothing about these creatures, is quoted as saying the following:
‘…and from their crests, which are all fiery red there flashes a fire brighter than a torch.’
Dinosaurs with crests.
‘The most striking aspect of the new dinosaur is its large, complex, and fragile cranial crest that runs from its nose to the back of its head -
The most probable idea is that it may have served to attract mates. Below is a crested
carnivore, the twenty foot long Dilophosaurus.
This terrifying creature is known to have inhabited India, the very place where Apollonius observed fire-
Here is just one plausible solution to the problem. I searched the Internet for means of igniting methane and found the following. It relates to an examination of how and why fires or explosions begin during the collapse of mine roofs, tunnels and shafts.
'When a large area of open gob collapses suddenly, a windblast is produced that can cause considerable damage throughout the infrastructure of a mine. In a few cases, the windblast has been accompanied by ignitions of methane and/or coal dust. Analytical and numerical analyses investigated the transient behavior of the air through the small time period during which the roof is falling. This is sufficiently short to allow adiabatic compression of the air, i.e. negligible heat transfer to rock surfaces. Controlled escape of the air via interconnecting entries limits the build-
This thesis concentrates on a series of laboratory tests involving the compression of
mixtures of air, methane and coal dust under a falling weight and while allowing controlled escape of the mixture.'
The Ignition of Methane and Coal Dust by Air Compression -
By Wei Lin / Master's Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Virginia Tech....
If this process of igniting methane can occur under accidental conditions whereby air is compressed and forced through escape channels, then why could not the same occur in a designed system. The effect: something akin to a controlled sneeze in a creature as large as a dinosaur could surely cause the same kind of ignition effect as that described above. Assuming scientists are correct in thinking that these cranial crests were used for trumpeting, then large volumes of air must have been forced through these channels at great speed? This would create a similar effect to the one described above, and possibly an even more efficient way of igniting methane gas. In other words a design feature, similar to all those found in so many diverse creatures: the electric eel and bombardier beetle, to name but two. If this were so then the proliferation of stories relating to fire-
Source: Sascha Kozacenko, with kind permission for GFDL. Author Sascha Kozacenko
|Witness of Sea Captains|
|Witness of the Bible|
|Dragon or Dinosaur?|
|Witness of a Greek Historian|
|Witness of Josephus|
|Witness of the Roman Historian Pliny the Elder|
|Witness of John of Damascus|
|Witness of Apollonius|
|Witness of Marco Polo|
|Witness of Ulysses Aldrovandus|
|Witness from Patron Saint of Greenland|
|Witness Flying Dragons in Wales|
|Witness of Leviathan|
|Full Evidence Article|